Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a brain disorder that creates faulty and inaccurate perceptions about your appearance. Some people can have delusional beliefs which make it appear that the flaws you see in your body are correct.
This is the criteria according to the Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders 5th Edition.
Preoccupation with perceived flaws or defects in physical appearance.
Repetitive behaviors are performed in response to appearance concerns.
Preoccupation can cause distress or impairment in important functions such as social, occupational, and other areas.
Concerns about body fat and weight are not sufficient to explain the preoccupation in someone with an eating disorder.
About 2% of people start experiencing this problem during childhood, adolescence or early adulthood. The head or face is the most common area of concern. Head concerns things such as insisting that your ears are too big or misaligned.
This video will discuss a case where body dysmorphic disorder is discussed. I use examples from the case to explain the criteria.
Because of your obsession with having a body flaw and the rituals and behavior you engage in, body dysmorphic disorder can be grouped with obsessive compulsive disorders. The treatment of this disorder is similar as OCD. It involves a combination medication and cognitive behavior therapy.
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These are some
resources that can be helpful.Resources
Phillips KA. The broken mirror. New York: Oxford University Press; 2005.
Body Dysmorphic Foundation g
Barnhill, John, et.al. Clinical Cases of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders and Related Disorders DSM-5(r). August 2013
Feusner JD., Hembacher E., Moller H., Moody TD. A disorder characterized by abnormalities in object visual processing. Psychol Med. 2011;41(11): 2385-2397.
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